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Forty Hadeeth on the Islaamic Personality

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Hadeeth Eleven - The Muslim Has No Free Time

From Ibn ‘Abbaas who said that Allaah’s Messenger (salallahu alaihe wa-sallam) said: There are two blessings which many of the people lose: health and free time.

Reported by al-Bukhaaree (Eng.Trans.) vol.8, p.2821, no.421).
 
Hadeeth Twelve - The Muslim’s Piety and Self-Restraint

From an-Nu’maan ibn Basheer who said that I heard Allaah’s Messenger say:
That which is lawful is clear, and that which is forbidden is clear, and between them are doubtful matters about which many of the people do not have knowledge. So whoever avoids the doubtful matters saves his Religion and his honour, and whoever falls into doubtful matters falls into what is forbidden. Just like a shepherd who grazes (his sheep) near to a private pasture (of another), he will soon stray into it. Indeed for every king there is a private preserve. Indeed the preserve of Allaah are those things which He has forbidden. Indeed there is a piece of flesh in the body which if it is good, then the whole body is good, but if it is corrupt then the whole body is corrupt. Indeed it is the heart.

Reported by al-Bukhaaree (Eng.Trans.) vol.1, p.44, no.49 and Muslim (Eng.Trans.) vol.3, p.840, no.3882
 
Hadeeth Thirteen  - The Muslim is Honest and Truthful in All His Affairs

From Aboo Hurairah who said that Allaah’s Messenger (salallahu alaihe wa-sallam) said:
Three things are the sign of the hypocrite: when he speaks he tells lies, when he promises he breaks it and when he is trusted he proves to be dishonest.

Reported by al-Bukhaaree (Eng.Trans.) vol.1, p.31, no.32 and Muslim (Eng.Trans.) vol.1, p.40, no.112

Hadeeth Fourteen - Knowledge for Knowledge

From Jaabir who said that Allaah’s Messenger (salallahu alaihe wa-sallam) said:
Do not acquire knowledge in order to compete with the scholars, nor to argue with the ignorant, nor to gain mastery over the gatherings. Since whoever does that, then: The Fire! The Fire!

Reported by Ibn Maajah (no.254), Ibn Hibbaan (no.90 of az-Zawaaid), al-Haakim (1/86) and al-Aajurree in Akhlaaqul ‘Ulamaa (no.126) its chain of narration is weak due to ‘an’anah [reporting without definitely saying it was from the previous narrator] of Ibn Juraij and Abuz Zubayr, who despite their being reliable are both mudallis (one who sometimes fails to mention the immediate source from whom he narrates). However the hadeeth has a witness from the hadeeth of Ka’b ibn Maalik reported by at-Tirmidhee (no.2654), al-Haakim (1/186) and al Aajurree in Akhlaaqul ‘Ulamaa (no.127). Its chain is also weak due to Ishaaq ibn Yahyaa ibn Talhah. It also has a further witness from the hadeeth of Aboo Hurairah reported by Ahmad (2/338), and Aboo Daawood (Eng.Trans. vol.3, p.1039, no.3656), Ibn Maajah (Eng.Trans. No.252) and others and its chain of narration is acceptable as a support

Hadeeth Fifteen - The Believer is a Mirror for His Brother

From Aboo Hurairah who said that Allaah’s Messenger (salallahu alaihe wa-sallam) said:
The believer is a mirror for the believer, and the believer is the brother of the believer. He safeguards his property for him and defends him from behind.

Reported by al-Bukhaaree in al-Adabul Mufrad (no.239), Aboo Daawood (Eng.Trans) vol.3, p.1370, no.4900) and others. Its chain of narration is hasan

Hadeeth Sixteen - The Muslim’s Struggle and His Devil

From ‘Iyaad ibn Himaar al Mujaashi’ee who said that Allaah’s Messenger said in his address one day:
Indeed my Lord ordered me to teach you that which you do not know, from that which He taught me this day, (instructing me):
‘The wealth which I confer upon a servant is all lawful for him, and I created all My servants having natural inclination to the true way but the devils came to them and turned them away from their (true) Religion, and they forbade for them that which I made lawful for them, and they ordered them to associate in worship with Me that for which I sent down no authority.’
Allaah looked upon the people of the earth and hated them, the Arabs and the non Arabs, except for some remnants of the People of the Book, and He said: ‘I sent you only to put you to the test and to test others through you, and I sent down to you a Book which cannot be washed away by water, which you will retain and recite whilst asleep and whilst awake.’ Allaah ordered me to destroy Quraysh so I said: ‘ O my Lord they would break my head just as bread is broken.’
So He said: ‘Turn them out just as they turned you out, and fight them and we shall aid you, and spend and we shall provide for you. Send an army and we will send five more like it. Fight along with those who obey you, those who disobey you.

The people of paradise are three …..

The people of the Fire are five …. Reported by Muslim (Eng.Trans.) vol.4, p.1488, no.6853).

Hadeeth Seventeen - Remembrance of Allaah

From an-Nu’maan ibn Basheer who said that Allaah’s Messenger (salallahu alaihe wa-sallam) said:
Supplication (ad-Du’aa) is worship, your Lord the Mighty and Majestic said: “Call upon Me - I will respond to your (invocation). Soorah Ghaafir (40):60”

Reported by Ahmad (4/267,271,276), Aboo Daawood (Eng.Trans.) vol.1, p.387, no.1474) at-Tirmidhee (no.3372), Ibn Maajah (no.3828) and others and its chain of narration is saheeh

Supplication is the head of remembrance of Allaah and he (salallahu alaihe wa-sallam) said, “… and I order you to make mention of Allaah much, and the like of that is a man being chased by the enemy who are hastening after him until he comes to a protected fortress and so protects himself in it. Likewise is the servant, for he does not protect himself from Satan except through remembrance of Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic.
An authentic hadeeth which is hadeeth no.40 of Forty Hadeeth an the Call to Islam and the Caller

Hadeeth Eighteen - The Muslim Does not Fall into Backbiting

From Ibn ‘Umar who said that Allaah’s Messenger (salallahu alaihe wa-sallam) said:
Whoever intercedes and prevents one of the punishments prescribed by Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic, then he has opposed Allaah regarding His orders. Whoever dies with a debt due on him then it will not be (repaid) by deenaars and dirhams but rather by good and bad deeds. Whoever disputes for something which he knows is false then he remains in Allaah’s anger until he desists. Whoever accuses a believer of something that is untrue then Allaah will make him dwell in the pus flowing from the inhabitants of the Fire and he will not leave until he retracts from what he said.

Reported by Ahmad (no.5385), Aboo Daawood (Eng. trans.)  vol.3, p.1021, no.3590), Ibn Maajah (no.2320) and al-Haakim (4/383) and its chain of narration is saheeh

Hadeeth Nineteen - The Muslim Does not Pry into the Matters that do not Concern Him

From Aboo Hurairah who said that Allaah’s Messenger (salallahu alaihe wa-sallam) said:
From the perfection of a person’s Islaam is that he leaves alone that which does not concern him.

Reported by at-Tirmidhee (no.2318), Ibn Maajah (no.3976) and others and its chain of narration contains Qurrah ibn ‘Abdur Rahmaan who is weak. However his narration is supported and witnessed to by other narrations, amongst them what Ahmad (no.1737) and others report with a saheeh chain of narration. Its like is also reported from a number of the Companions

Hadeeth Twenty - All of his Actions are for Allaah

From Aboo Umaamah who said that Allaah’s Messenger (salallahu alaihe wa-sallam) said:
Whoever loves for Allaah and hates for Allaah, gives for Allaah and withholds for Allaah, then he has completed eemaan.

Reported by Aboo Daawood (Eng.Trans.) vol.3, p.1312, no.3664 and others and its chain of narration is hasan

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