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Hijrah - Beginning of the Muslim Society
The disbelieving chiefs of Makkah conspired to assassinate the last Messenger of Allah, Muhammad (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam). Allah, the Most High sent Jibreel (alaihis salaam) to inform His Messenger (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) about the plots of the Qur'aish and to grant him the permission to leave Makkah and migrate to Madinah.
The Qur'aish posted eleven assassins outside the Messenger's house. They were to keep a vigil throughout the night and attack the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) as soon as he would leave home.
BUT, the One in Whose Hands lie all affairs of the heavens and the earths did not allow this devilish plan to succeed.
“And (remember) when disbelievers plotted against you (O Muhammad (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) to imprison you, or to get you out (from your home, i.e. Makkah); they were plotting and Allah too was planning, and Allah is the Best of planners.” [Soorah Al-Anfal (8): 30]
Despite of their (Quraish's) siege they laid to the Prophet's house, their plan failed; Prophet (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) came out of his room and cast a handful of dust at the assassins and managed to escape in the protection of Allah through them reciting the verses:
“And We put a barrier before them, and a barrier behind them, and We have covered them up, so they cannot see.” [Soorah Ya-sin (36): 9]
Prophet (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) proceeded to the house of Abu Bakr (radiyallahu anhu) and both set out southwards, clambered up the lofty peak of Mountain Thawr, and decided to take refuge in a cave. They confined themselves to the cave for three nights.
The Quraish continued their frantic efforts to get hold of them, they declared that whosoever would seize Muhammad (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) will receive a hundred camels as reward, this spurred many people to try their luck, but none could succeed.
Prophet (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) reached Madinah safely in the protection of Allah, the Mighty and Majestic. The joyful news soon spread through the city, the shouts of “Alahu Akbar' resounded and the Muslims rushed out of their houses to greet their noble guest. Though not wealthy, every Ansar was wholeheartedly eager and anxious to receive the Prophet of Allah (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) in his house. It was genuinely an unprecedented day in Madinah, a triumphal (victorious) procession.
This emigration of Prophet Muhammad (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) to Madinah marks the beginning of the Islamic calendar and the beginning of a New Society “the Muslim Society” A Society that could stand for the Islamic Call for whose sake the Muslims had been put to unspeakable tortures for 10 years.
No doubt, the construction of a society cannot be accomplished overnight or a year, indeed it requires a long time to build during which legislations and legalizations will run gradually in a complementary process with mind cultivation, training and education. Allah, the All-Knowing undertook legislations and His prophet (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) implementation and orientation.
The Prophet (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) established a code of brotherhood among the believers. It was by the Grace of Allah that he (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) erected the pillars of the new society, by wisdom and dexterity (skillfulness). He led the believers into the light of Islam, sanctified their selves, enjoined them to observe righteousness and praiseworthy manners and was keen on infusing into them the ethics of friendship, glory, honor, worship and first and foremost obedience to Allah and His Messenger (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam). He inculcated in the minds of the followers clusters of virtues:
Abdullah ibn Salam (radiyallahu anhu) said: “When the Prophet (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) arrived in Madinah, I went to see him and I immediately recognized through his features that he would never be a liar. The first thing he said was: “Extend peace greetings among yourselves, provide food to the needy, maintain upright relations, observe prayer at night while people are asleep, then you will peacefully enter the Gardens (Paradise).” [Tirmidhee, Mishkat Al-Masabih (1/168)]
Once a man asked the Messenger of Allah (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) which of the merits is superior in Islam? He (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) remarked:
“That you provide food and extend greetings to one whom you know or do not know.” [Saheeh al-Bukharee]
“The Muslim is that; one from whose tongue and hand the Muslims are safe.” [Saheeh al-Bukharee]
“He will not enter Paradise, he whose neighbor is not secure from his wrongful conduct.” [Muslim, Mishkat Al-Masabih (2/422)]
“None amongst you believes till one loves for his brother that which he loves for himself.” [Bukharee 1 /6]
“A Muslim is the brother of a Muslim; he neither oppresses him nor does he fail him. Whosoever removes a worldly grief from a believer, Allah will remove from him one of the griefs of the Day of Judgement. Whomsoever shields a Muslim, Allah will shield him on the Day of Resurrection.”
[Mishkat Al-Masabih, (2/422), Saheeh al-Bukharee and Saheeh Muslim]
“He is not a perfect believer, who goes to bed full and knows that his neighbour is hungry.” [Mishkat Al-Masabih, (2/424)]
“The bonds of brotherhood between Muslims are like parts of a house, one part strengthens and holds the other.” [Saheeh al-Bukharee (2/890)]
“Believers in mutual love, are like the human body where, when the eye is in agony, the entire body feels pain, when the head aches, all the body will suffer.” [Saheeh Muslim]
“Do not have malice against a Muslim, do not be envious of other Muslims, do not go against a Muslim and forsake him. O the slaves of Allah! Be like brothers with each other. It is not violable for a Muslim to desert his brother for over three days.” [Bukharee (2/896)]
“Show mercy to people on earth so that Allah will have mercy on you in heavens.” [Mishkat Al-Masabih (2/424) ]
Abdullah ibn Mas'ud (radiyallahu anhu) once said: “If you are willing to follow a good example, then you can have a recourse in the tradition of the deceased, because the living are likely to fall in easy victims to oppression. Follow the steps of the Muhammad's (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) Companion. They were the best in the nation, the most pious, the most learned and the least pretentious. Allah chose them to accompany the Prophet (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) and establish His religion. Therefore, it is imperative to get to know their grace, follow their righteous way and adhere as much as you can to their manners and assimilate (study, understand) their biography. They were always on the orthodox path. There is then the great Prophet (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) whose morals visible attributes, aspects of perfection, talents, virtues, noble manners and praiseworthy deeds, entitle him to occupy the innermost cells of our heart, and become the dearest target that the self yearn for. Hardly did he utter a word when his companions would race to assimilate it and work in its light.” [Mishkat Al-Masabih (1/32)]
These are some of the practices with which Prophet (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) build a new society, the most wonderful, and the most honorable society ever-known in history, so that they could become models of virtue to be copied by subsequent generations. On theses grounds, he strove to resolve the longstanding problems, and later gave mankind the chance to breathe a sign of relief after a long wearying journey in dark and gloomy avenues. Such lofty morale lay at the very basis of creating a new society with integrated components immune to all fluctuations of the time, and powerful enough to the whole course of humanity.
Today, as his (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam) followers and the Muslim Ummah, it rests upon us to be in the lead and step forward in guiding the Muslims of today in establishing a well-built, powerful, and effective Muslim society on the basis of the Book of Allah and the traditions of our beloved Prophet (sallallahu alaihe wa-sallam). We are also responsible for extending this Muslim society throughout the human race. May Allah guide us in building and extending this Muslim Society and may He make our actions sincerely for His Face
[This article has been adapted from the Book: Ar-Raheeq al-Makhtoom by Safi ur-Rahmaan al-Mubarakpuri]
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