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Forty Hadeeth on the Islaamic Personality
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Hadeeth One - The Foundation of Actions
From ‘Umar ibn al-Khattaab who said that Allaah’s Messenger (salallahu alaihe wa-sallam) said:
Actions are but by intentions and there is for every person only that which he intended. So he whose migration was for Allaah and His Messenger, then his migration was for Allaah and His Messenger, and he whose migration was to attain some worldly goal or to take a woman in marriage, then his migration was for that which he migrated.”
Reported by Saheeh al-Bukhari (english trans.) vol.1, p.1, no.1 and Saheeh al-Muslim (english trans.) vol.3, p.1056, no.4692
Hadeeth Two - Distinctness
From Ibn ‘Umar who said that Allaah’s Messenger (salallahu alaihe wa-sallam) said:
I have been sent before the Hour so that Allaah alone should be worshipped without any partner for him, and my provision has been placed beneath the shade of my spear, and subservience and humiliation have been placed upon those who disobey my orders, and whoever imitates a people then he is one of them
Reported by Ahmad (no.5114) and others with hasan (good) isnaad chain of narration). I have spoken about it in more detail in my footnotes to al-Hikamul Jadeerrh bil Idhaa’ah (pp.1-3) of Ibn Rajab
Hadeeth Three - Justice and Being Justly Balanced
From Aboo Hurairah who said that Allaah’s Messenger said,
“Love the one whom you love to a certain degree (moderately), perhaps one day he will be someone for whom you have hatred, and hate the one for whom you have hatred to a certain degree (moderately), perhaps one day he will be one whom you love.’
Reported by at-Tirmidhee (no.1997) and others by way of Suwayd ibn ‘Amr al-Kalbee: Hammaad ibn Salamah narrated to us from Ayyoob as-Sakhtiyaanee from Muhammad ibn Seereen from him. This isnaad is saheeh (authentic), it does not contain anyone needing examination except for Suwayd and he is declared reliable by a group of the scholars and this is the preferred view of al-Haafidh Ibn Hajr. The hadeeth is also declared authentic by a group of the scholars such as al-Haafidh al-Iraaqee in Takhreejul Ihyaa (2/186), al-Munaawee in al-Fayd (1/177), az-Zubaydee in al-Ittihaaf (6/233) and others, and is further clarified in Ghaayatul Maraam (no.472) of our Shaikh al-Albaanee
“Thus we have made you a justly balanced nation, that you be witnesses over mankind and the Messenger (Muhammad ?) be a witness over you.” Soorah al-Baqarah (2):143
Hadeeth Four - Striving Against One’s Desires
From al-’Alaa ibn Ziyaad who said: A man asked ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Amr ibn al-’Aas, saying: "Which of the Believers is best in his Islaam?" He replied: "He from whose tongue and hand the Muslims are safe". He asked: "Then what is the best Jihaad?" He replied: "He who strives against his own self and desires for Allaah". He asked: "Then which of those who migrates (performs hijrah) is best?" He replied: "He who strives against his own self and desires for Allaah". He asked: "Is it something you have said O ‘Abdullah ibn ‘Amr, or Allaah’s Messenger?" He said: "Rather Allaah’s Messenger said it."
Reported by Ibn Nasr al-Marwazee in Ta’zeem Qadris Salaat (no,639). Its isnaad is good, all of its narrators are reliable except for the shaikh of the author (Ibn Nasr) Ahmad ibn Hafs ibn‘ Abdullaah. An-Nasaa’ee said, “He is all right,” and others declare him reliable. Refer to Faidul Qadeer (2/48) of al-Manaawee.
Translator’s note: The narration reported by at-Tabaraanee in al-Kabeer from the hadeeth of ‘Abdullaah ibn ‘Amr has the wording “...The best of those who perform hijrah are those who abandon that which Allaah has prohibited, and the best jihaad is the one who strives against his own self for Allaah the Mighty and Majestic.” Declared saheeh by Shaikh al-Albaanee (Saheehul Jaami’:no.l129; and Silsalatus Saheehah: no.l491).
“As for those who strive hard in us (Our cause), we will surely guide them to Our Paths (i.e. Allaah’s Religion).” Soorah al-Ankaboot (29):69
Hadeeth Five - Gentleness
From Aboo Hurairah who said that Allaah’s Messenger (salallahu alaihe wa-sallam) said: Indeed Allaah is gentle and loves gentleness, and gives due to gentleness that which He does not give due to harshness.
Reported by Ibn Maajah (no.3688) and Ibn Hibbaan (no.549) by way of Aboo Bakr ibn ‘Ayyaash from al-A’mash from Aboo Saalih from him. This isnaad is hasan.
Hadeeth Six - Returning to the Truth
From Ibn ‘Abbaas who said that Allaah’s Messenger (salallahu alaihe wa-sallam) said: There is no believing servant except that he has a sin which he commits from time to time, or a sin which he persists in and does not abandon until he leaves this world. Indeed the Believer was created as one who is frequently tried and tested, who often repents and (then) forgets. When he is admonished he accepts the admonition.
Reported by at Tabaraanee in al-Mu’jamul Kabeer (no. 11,810) its chain of narration is hasan, all of its narrators are fully reliable except for ‘Alee ibn Hafs al-Madaa’inee who is however acceptable. It also has a further chain of narration also reported by at-Tabaraanee in al-Kabeer (no.10,666) al-awsat and by Aboo Nu’aym in al-Hilyah (3/211) with abridged text. It also has a third Chain of narration reported in the Musnad of ‘Abd ibn Humayd (no.673) so the hadeeth is hasan at the very least
Hadeeth Seven - Responsibility
From ‘Umar who said that Allaah’s Messenger (salallahu alaihe wa-sallam) said : Each one of you is a guardian and is responsible for those whom he is in charge of. So the ruler is a guardian and is responsible for his subjects; a man is the guardian of his family and is responsible for those under his care; a woman is a guardian of her husband’s home and is responsible for those under her care; a servant is the guardian of his master’s wealth and is responsible for that which he is entrusted with; and a man is the guardian of his father’s wealth and is responsible for what is under his care. So each one of you is a guardian and is responsible for what he is entrusted with.
Reported by al-Bukhaaree (Eng.Trans.) vol.9, p.189, no.252 and Muslim (Eng.Trans.) vol.3, p.1017, no.4496
Hadeeth Eight - The Muslim Seeks to Make Excuses for Other Muslims
From Sa’d ibn ‘Ubaadah who said that Allaah’s Messenger said: ...and there is no one who loves to accept an excuse more than Allaah, and because of this he sent the givers of good news and the warners..”
Reported by al-Bukhaaree (Eng.Trans.) vol.9, p.378, no.512 and Muslim (Eng.Trans.) vol.2, p.782, no.3572.
Hadeeth Nine - The Muslim does not Harbour Envy
From Ibn Mas’ood who said that Allaah’s Messenger (salallahu alaihe wa-sallam) said:
There is to be no envy except with regard to two ….
A man whom Allaah has given wealth which he strives to spend righteously, and a man to whom Allaah has given the Wisdom [i.e. knowledge of the Qur’aan & Sunnah] and he acts according to it and teaches it to others.
Reported by al-Bukhaaree (Eng.Trans.) vol.1, p.62, no.73) and Muslim (Eng.Trans.) vol.2, p.389, no. 1779. The permitted ‘envy’ here meaning that one wishes to have these two qualities but does not hope that the one possessing them loses them [Fathul-baaree(1/167)].
Hadeeth Ten - Following and Applying Divine Guidance
From Umm ud-Dardaa who said: I said to Aboo Dardaa ): Will you not seek for things to entertain your guests with just as others seek for things for their guests? So he replied: I heard Allaah’s Messenger (salallahu alaihe wa-sallam) say: “Ahead of you is a steep mountain which will not be surmounted by those who are over burdened.” So I wish to lighten my load for that ascent !
It is reported by al-Haakim (4/574), al-Baihaqee in Shu’abul Eemaan and others and its chain of narration is saheeh. It was declared saheeh by al-Haakim and adh-Dhahabee agreed
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