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Forty Hadeeth on the Islaamic Personality

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Hadeeth Thirty One - The Muslim is Contented and Satisfied

From Aboo Hurairah who said that Allaah’s Messenger said:
Richness is not in having many belongings, but richness is the richness of the soul (contentment).

Reported by al-Bukhaaree (Eng.Trans.) vol.8, p.304, no.453 and Muslim (Eng.Trans.) vol.2, p.501, no.2287

Hadeeth Thirty Two - Devotion to the Religion of Islaam

From Ka’b ibn Maalik al-Ansaaree who said that Allaah’s Messenger said:
Two hungry wolves let loose amongst sheep will not cause more harm to them than a persons craving after wealth and status will do to his Religion

Reported by Ahmad (3/456 and 460), at-Tirmidhee (no.2376), al Bukhaaree in at-Taareekhul Kabeer (1/1/150) and others and its chain of narration is saheeh

Hadeeth Thirty Three - How the Muslim Deals with People

From ‘Aa’ishah who said that a man sought permission to enter upon the Prophet (salallahu alaihe wa-sallam), so he said
"Give permission to him and what a bad son of his people (or: what a bad man of his people)". Then when he entered he spoke politely to him. ‘Aa’ishah said: "so I said: O Messenger of Allaah, you said about him what you said and then you spoke politely to him?" He said: "O ‘Aa’ishah the worst people in station before Allaah on the Day of Resurrection are those whom the people desert, or abandon, in order to save themselves from their evil speech".

Reported by al Bukhaaree vol.8, p.50, no.80 and Muslim vol.4, p.1370, no.6268

Hadeeth Thirty Four - Visiting Brothers

From Aboo Hurairah who said that Allaah’s Messenger (salallahu alaihe wa-sallam) said:
A man went out to visit a brother of his in a (different) village, so Allaah, the Most High, put an angel in wait for him on the road. So when the angel came to him he said: Where are you going? He said: I am going to visit a brother in this village. He said: is it that you have done something for him for which you seek re-payment? He said: No, it is just that I love him for Allaah’s sake. He said: Then I am one sent by Allaah to you (to inform you) that Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic, loves you, just as you have loved for His sake.

Reported by Muslim vol.4, p.1362, no.6226

Hadeeth Thirty Five - The Muslim’s Character

From Abud Dardaa who said that Allaah’s Messenger (salallahu alaihe wa-sallam) said:
There is nothing which is heavier upon the Balance than good character

Reported by Ahmad (6/446 and 448), Aboo Daawood (Eng.Trans.) vol.3, p.1344, no.4781 and others and its chain of narration is saheeh

Hadeeth Thirty Six - The Muslim Knows His Own Worth

From Aboo Hurairah who said that Allaah’s Messenger (salallahu alaihe wa-sallam) said:
There will come upon the people years of deceit in which the liar will be believed, the truthful disbelieved, the treacherous will be trusted and the trustworthy held to be treacherous, and the despicable (ar-Ruwaybidah) will speak out. It was said: Who are the despicable ones (ar-Ruwaybidah)? He said: The lowly, ignoble man who speaks out about the public affairs

Reported by Ahmad (no.7899), Ibn Maajah (no.4036) and others and its chain of narration is weak due to ‘Abdul Maalik ibn Qudaamah who is weak and Ishaaq ibn Abil Furaat who is unknown. However it has another chain of narration reported by Ahmad (no.8440) and it has a witnessing narration reported by Ahmad also (3/220), so the hadeeth is supported to the level of hasan

So by knowing his own worth he will behave as befits him in all affairs and no one will harm the efforts of others. It is just as Ibn Hazm, rahimahullaah, said: There is nothing more harmful to the branches of knowledge and its people than those who enter themselves into it and they are not from its people. They are ignorant and yet they think they have knowledge, they cause corruption whilst thinking they are correcting the affairs.
Quoted by our noble friend and brother Shaikh Bakr Aboo Zayd in his excellent book: at Ta’aabm wa Atharuhu ‘alas Fikr wal Kitaab (p.7).

Hadeeth Thirty Seven - He Hopes for Good from His Lord for Himself and His Brothers

From Jundub who said that the Messenger of Allaah (salallahu alaihe wa-sallam) narrated:
That a man said: By Allaah, Allaah will not forgive so and so. Whereas Allaah, the Most High, said: Who is it who swears by Me that I will not forgive so and so, for I have forgiven so and so, and have rendered your actions futile. Soorah al-lsraa (17):36

So the true and sincere Muslim hopes for good from his Lord for himself and he seeks His forgiveness for his brothers, as at-Tahaawee also said: "With regard to the doers of good from the believers, then we hope that they are pardoned and entered into Paradise through Allaah’s Mercy, but we do not feel safe for them, nor do we bear witness that they have attained Paradise. With regard to those of them who commit evil, then we ask for them to be forgiven, we have fear for them, but we do not make them despair. Yet this fear and hope which the Muslim has for his brothers does not prevent him from carrying out what Allaah has established with regard to commanding the good and forbidding the evil"

Sharhul ‘Aqeedatit Tahaawiyyah (p.325).

Hadeeth Thirty Eight - Ordering Good and Forbidding Evil

From Aboo Sa’eed al-Khudree who said,
Allaah’s Messenger (salallahu alaihe wa-sallam) stood up amongst us to deliver an address, and from his address was that he said: Indeed it is about to occur that I will be called and will respond. Then after me there will follow rulers over you who say what they have knowledge of, and act upon what they know. Obedience to them is obedience to me, and you will remain like that for a time. Then there will follow rulers over you after them who say what they do not have knowledge of and act according to what they do not have knowledge of. So whoever is sincere to them and assists them, or strengthens them then they are destroyed and have caused destruction. Accompany them with your bodies and differ with them by your actions, and bear witness for the doer of good from them that he is a doer of good, and for the doer of evil that he is a doer of evil.

Reported by al-Baihaqee in az-Zuhdul Kabeer (no.191) and its chain of narration is hasan

He (salallahu alaihe wa-sallam) also said:
There are no people amongst whom sins are committed and they are stronger than those who commit them yet they do not prevent that, except that Allaah sends His punishment upon them all.
Reported by Ahmad (4/361,363,364,366), Aboo Daawood (Eng.Trans.) vol.3, p.1208, no.4325 and others and it is hasan. See Forty Hadeeth on the Call to Islam and the Caller (no.22).

Hadeeth Thirty Nine - Being Cautious to Avoid Animosity and Dissension

From Jaabir ibn ‘Abdullaah who said that Allaah’s Messenger (salallahu alaihe wa-sallam) said:
Indeed Satan has despaired that those who pray should worship (him) in the Arabian peninsular, however (he seeks) to provoke animosity between them.

Muslim (Eng.Trans.) vol.4, p.1471, no.6752

Hadeeth Forty - The Means to Escape the Trial which Befalls the People

From ‘Abdullaah ibn Mas’ood who said:
How will you be when you are covered by a trial in which the young grow up and the old become infirm. If anything of it is abandoned it is said: The Sunnah has been abandoned. It was said: When will that occur, O Aboo ‘Abdur Rahmaan? He said: When your scholars pass away, and the ignorant amongst you become many; when those who recite amongst you are many, but those who have understanding of the Religion are few; when your leaders are many, but those who are trustworthy are few; when this world is sought with actions of the Hereafter; and when knowledge is sought for other than the Religion

Reported by ad-Daarimee (1/64), al-Laalikaa’ee (no.123), al-Haakim (4/514) and others, and its chain of narration is saheeh from him and it is something that is: ‘Authentically reported from Ibn Mas’ood as being his words (mawqoof) and it has the ruling of being something said by the Prophet (marfoo).’From Qiyaamur Ramadaan (p.4) of our Shaikh al-Albaanee (hafidhahullhah).

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